Rainfall Variability and Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa

[Rainfall Variability and Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa]

Rainfall variability at a time scale from years to days is as much a characteristic of climate as the total amounts recorded. Low values, however, do not necessarily lead to drought, nor is drought necessarily associated with low rainfall. Agricultural drought occurs when water supply is insufficient to cover crop or livestock water requirements. In addition to reduced rainfall, a number of factors may lead to agricultural drought, some of them not always obvious. Much more than the occasional widespread and severe climatological droughts which catch the attention of the media, it is this "invisible" agricultural drought which prevents farmers at the subsistence level from achieving regular and high yields. "Invisible" drought is brought about by environmental degradation as much as by climate.

Sustainable Development Department (SD, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Language: Inglés

Format: HTML

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