In our country, all anphibians are representated by salamander, newts, toads and frogs. Salamander and newts belong to the tailed anphibians group, and the other to the frogs.


  • Salamandra rabilarga (Chioglossa lusitanica) only lives in norhteastern of the Iberian peninsula and presents a marked nocturnal activity.


  • Salamandra común (Salamandra salamandra) it lives in the whole Iberian Peninsula, excepting a little coastal zone from Almeria to Cataluña, and Baleares. His black body has yelow or orange spots. This animal secreted a toxic substance with mortal effects on birds and frogs. Although it is a mainly terrestrial species, which frequents only aquaculture zones in the breeding season, there is a subspecies in the Sierra de Gredos that lives in water all year round.



  • The most common of them all, the marbled newt (Triturus marmoratus) occupies the Iberian Peninsula, and aquaculture is the least of them all.


  • The Iberian Newt (Triturus boscai) lives in the western half of the Iberian Peninsula and advance through the Central System to the east. Its activity is primarily nocturnal and live in any waterways.
  • The Alpine newt (Triturus alpestis) is perhaps by far the most aquatic of all. Their preferred habitat is lakes and ponds, as well as the mountain springs, which can live above an altitude of 2,500 m
  • Plama newt (Triturus helveticus), is the smallest of all the newts, about 60 to 70 mm. Inhabits lakes and mountain lakes in the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains, north of the Central System Mountains of Galicia and Zamora and Leon. In the lower two thirds of the Iberian Peninsula is the largest of this Iberian newt, the newt (Pleurodeles walt). It lives in stagnant water, ponds, slow flowing river, wells, wells, pools, etc.. It is notable for its ability to hover close to the surface the ribs as defensiveness in situations where the animal is afraid for his life.
  • The Pyrenean newt (Euproctus asper) is endemic to the Pyrenees, where he lives in streams and mountain lakes. When the summer is hot, stow in the water, it does not support continuously high temperatures. Recently it has also found this species in the Sierra del Montseny.



  • The most abundant is the common frog and green frog (Rana perezi), lives in ponds, lakes and streams. It lives in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands. In Tenerife and Gran Canaria was introduced long ago.
  • The Iberian frog (Rana iberica) lives in the highlands of the Iberian mountains in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula where you can reach the 2,500 m high. Its distinctive biotope are fast flowing streams and cold lakes and reservoirs of high mountains, and forests away from the water. It is the smallest of the brown frogs.
  • The frog (Rana temporaria) also lives in mountain environments in ponds and waterways of Galicia, León, Zamora, Asturias, Cantabria, Vizcaya and the Pyrenees, and can reach up to 3,000 m and is also often found far from water .
  • The agile frog (Rana dalmatina) is spread through the Pyrenees, the most abundant population is located in Catalonia, and its preferred biotope meets high humidity and abundant vegetation.
  • Among frogs are arboreal might be called the tree frog (Hyla arborea) and meridional (Hyla meridionalis). The tree frog occupies the Iberian Peninsula, except for a strip from Huelva to Catalonia and the Balearic Islands. By contrast, the southern frog lives in the Balearic Islands and the Canaries, but the Iberian Peninsula occupies just over the southern half.



  • The green toad (Bufo viridis) living in Spain. The toad-sized live in any habitat islands, and has the distinction of being more dependent on water than other frogs. Their activity is often at night.
  • The common toad (Bufo bufo) and the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) lives in the Peninsula. The first is the largest frog in the Peninsula, can reach more than 20 cm in size. He lives in the Iberian Peninsula, in all habitats, most abundant in the northern half, practically lives tied to water, except in the breeding season. The natterjack toad, smaller size, preferably living in the mountains, but it is rare in the Pyrenees and the Cantabrian Cordiellera. The rest of the Spanish toads are known as toad.
  • Spotted toad (Pelodytes punctatus) that only grows to 5 cm, is very common in the southern half. In the north, its distribution is not well determined yet.
  • Spadefoot toad (Pelobates cultripes) occupies the entire peninsula and is very abundant in sandy areas, typical habitat of this anuran. Toad is called spurs for filing a horny excrescences of black on the hind legs.
  • The painted frog (Discoglossus pictus) has a pointed snout and a dark or black spots across the back. It is very common in the southern half, and the far north of the Ebro Valley and does not seem to live in the Levantine region, and frequents mountain streams, but is closely linked to general streams.
  • The two species of toad found in the Iberian Peninsula are very similar. The Iberian midwife toad (Alytes cisternasii) inhabits the central and the southwestern part of the peninsula while the midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) took all of it, in more humid areas to the Iberian, especially in mountainous areas.


Threatened species

According to the Spanish Catalogue of Endangered Species, species of amphibians occurring in Spain are classified as follows.

Endangered species1
Special Interest20
  • Salamandra Dartford: Galicia, Asturias and northern Portugal. Need to clean steep streams
  • Salamander, is distributed throughout the Peninsula, except the subspecies almanzoris which is located in the Sierra de Gredos
  • Alpine newt: located in very clean water streams
  • Balearic toad: located only in the streams of the Sierra de Tramuntana in Mallorca. Often two types of habitats, the aforementioned mountain streams in limestone excavated to dry out in summer, forming "toll" and points of isolated water in mountain areas.
  • North African Salamandra: in Spain is only one population in Ceuta. Shows a hydrophilic character and montane, forested and mountainous areas occupying very wet. In Ceuta is located on slopes of northern exposure with acid soils
  • Agile frog: Only in the Basque Country and Navarra